Elephant Writers Ask. Answer. Discover.

Research is our academic and business writing genre, providing an emphasis on argumentation, clarity, succinctness, and thesis-driven, deductively organized texts. We are experts at doing research at all levels. We've helped undergraduate students edit essays, graduate students compile thesis material, and businesses and non-profits provide financial facts and figures. We can help you, too!

Elephant Writers research is:

  • Written to Your Specifications: Our writers follow all of the specifications you provide on the order form. If anything differs from what you requested, we revise it promptly and for free.
  • Completely Customized: Our writers generate custom works from scratch to fulfill your specifications. We don't use recycled or prewritten content.
  • Plagiarism Free: Our written works are guaranteed to be plagiarism free.
  • Free Works Cited: If your project requires a works cited, it does not count toward the page count of the project. Cover pages are complimentary, too.

Below are several samples of our research capabilities.

Adoption in the United States

Raw research questions we were tasked to answer by a Utah adoption agency.

Questions pertaining to the United States

How many adoptions per year in the US? The estimated total number of adoptions per annum stabilized at 125,000 in 1975 and appears to have remained stable at that number for past decades.[1]

How many infant adoptions? According to the Bureau of the Census (Year 2000 Census), there were 42,000 infants (under 1 year old) in adoptive families in 2000, a metric likely applicable to per annum infant adoptions in later years.[2]

How many older children adoptions? Older children are almost invariably adopted out of foster care. According to DHHS, the number of such adoptions has fluctuated between 50,000 and 55,000 annually during the FY2002-2008 period.[3]

What You Need to Know to Do Business in Brazil

An answer to the question: "My company has recently expanded into Brazil. Could you prepare a short report I could share with my business partners that would help us conduct business there?"

In order to successfully conduct business in another country, it is vital to be aware of the subtle cultural nuances and behaviors rather than to just assume that the other country views business relationships, negotiations, and partnerships in the same way. Brazil is a prime example of a country that has a distinct way of doing business. This report will provide an overview of Brazil as well as describe its patterns of cross-cultural business behavior to aid the individual businessperson conducting business in Brazil.

Helping You Teach Religious Traditions

The slides below are part of our response to the assignment "Create a Powerpoint presentation geared toward teaching a younger person (aged 9 - 14) about Judaism."

Analysis of the Racquetball Industry: Current State of the Sport, Growth Potential, Participation and Sales Trends

A long report on the current state of the racquetball industry with a focus on improving sales.



Current State of the Industry


Participation Trends

Annual Equipment Sales

Equipment Sales Trends

Growth Potential


Aromatherapy for Healing

An answer to the assignment "I run a spa and I'd like some research about the benefits of aromatherapy for my own knowledge and to share with my customers."

For centuries, people around the world have used natural substances as valuable healing solutions. In recent years, it has become more common in Western countries to use the art of aromatherapy in the form of essential oils to treat various maladies. As more people fear the side effects and sometimes deadly consequences of pharmaceuticals, there seems to be greater interest in looking to nature to solve some of today’s physical, emotional, and mental ailments. This document explores how aromatherapy works as well as includes some valuable information gathered from a licensed massage therapist who uses this therapy in her practice and has experienced the amazing results that it brings to her clients.

Sex and Gender in Buddhism

A scholarly article on Buddhist interpretations of the feminine and their historicity.

Since the origination of Buddhism in India some two and a half millennia ago, the religion has undergone some significant transformations. As with many large religions, its practitioners have split into smaller and more nuanced denominational camps, most notably grouped under as the Theravada or Mahayana traditions, and each of those has any number of smaller sub-groups with differing belief-systems and practices. But in its early days, this split between the Mahayana and the Theravada reflected a profound discomfort with what was perceived as a selfishness at work in Theravada practitioners, who sought their own enlightenment with little regard to the fate of others. The Mahayana, the so-called “greater path,” demanded that its practitioners work for the betterment of others, and as such it elevated the figure of the Bodhisattva over and above that of the Theravada Arhat, privileging compassion and assistance rather than final enlightenment and nirvana.

For this reason, the figure of the Bodhisattva is crucial to any understanding of the Mahayana tradition, and yet even this figure enjoys a certain dynamism, with different cultures and different traditions producing different ways of thinking about and imagining the Bodhisattva. No where is this more apparent than in the figure of Avalokiteshvara, also known as Avalokita, one of the most important early followers of the Buddha. It is Avalokiteshvara who is responsible for the Heart Sutra, one of the most fundamental texts in the entire Mahayana tradition, often considered the very essence of the Buddha's teachings. And yet, despite Avalokiteshvara's fame and standing in the Buddhist transformation, he undergoes one of the most fundamental changes in all of Buddhist belief: in China, Avalokiteshvara becomes transformed, given the form of a woman, and renamed Kuan-Yin. Kuan-Yin then becomes a popular (and often decisive) interpretation of Avalokiteshvara in other countries in the region (Japan being the best example).

While the Bodhisattva undergoes many changes as a concept and figure, the transformation of Avalokiteshvara merits special scrutiny, as it embodies some of the most fundamental differences between the Theravada and Mahayana traditions, and it because it also shows how it is that Mahayana concepts vary in their execution from country to country and culture to culture. This article will explore the reasons for this transformation, and reflect upon what it tells us about the nature of the Mahayana in general, as well as the role of sex and gender in Buddhism. For that, the article will begin by looking closely at the reasons for the reimagining of the compassionate Bodhisattva in China, juxtaposing the Chinese case with the historical figure of Avalokiteshvara in India and the Tibetan incarnation, named Chenrezig.

The Components of Complex and High-Performance Aircraft

We were tasked to "Describe the components of complex/high-performance general aviation aircraft such as the Cessna 182 and the Piper Seminole."

There are a wide range of components that come together to create such complex and high-performance aircraft as a Cessna 182 or a Piper Seminole. All of these components play an integral role in the safety, performance, and reliability of a general aviation aircraft, so proper maintenance, knowledge of how they work, and careful handling enable a successful and safe aviation experience. This document will describe a number of components and their use, including variable pitch propeller, hydraulic landing gear, manifold pressure, Deice boots, pressurization, and turbocharged engines.

Variable Pitch Propeller

The propeller system is considered to be one of the most critical aspects of the aircraft and one that “endures the most stress and abuse” (Deakin, 1999, 1). A variable pitch propeller has “blades that can be rotated around their long axis to change their pitch” (Wikipedia, 2008, 1). These types of propellers are especially useful on general aviation aircraft when it is helpful to change thrust levels and air speeds without the propeller blades stalling out, which would then cause the propulsion system to not work efficiently (Wikipedia, 2008, 1).

Eminent Domain and the Supreme Court

A consideration of the implications of the Court’s decision in Kelo v. New London.


Eminent domain is the sovereign power of the government to take private property and convert it into public use. The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution provides, inter alia, that “[No] private property [shall] be taken for public use, without just compensation.” This federal power, purpose, and public limitation was specifically affirmed in Kohl v. U.S., 91 U.S. 376 (1875), with the public limitation extended to the several states following the Court’s decision in Chicago, B & Q R Co. v. City of Chicago, 166 U.S. 226 (1897), a holding that relied on provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment.1 These, and other, Supreme Court cases relating to eminent domain and relevant to the case in question are discussed below.

It should be understood that the Constitution neither creates nor disallows eminent domain.2 Rather, the language of the Fifth Amendment places two perhaps ill-defined restrictions on its application, to wit, the purpose of the taking must be ‘public’ and compensation must be ‘just.’ This report examines the Supreme Court’s treatment of eminent domain, with specific reference to the Court’s decision in Kelo v. City of New London, 545 U.S. 469, (2005).

The Present State of Internal Auditing

A report on current issues in professional auditing post-Sarbanes-Oxley.

The need for internal auditors in business has never been greater. As pressure has mounted from governmental entities and investors for companies to be more accountable and prove their financial reliability, companies turn to their internal auditors to ensure their compliance (Seaman, 2006).

In the past two decades the federal government has taken a greater and greater interest in what was once the inner sanctum of publicly traded companies. In 1991 the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act required companies to prove that they had a means by which to audit themselves as well as complying with external auditors.

Then, with the horrific Enron scandal, more reform swept the business world with the passing of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. This act, requiring certification of financial statements, specifically holding CFO’s responsible for the accuracy of this corporate accounting, as well as restricting certain transactions amongst officers of the company, promised to cost companies millions in added auditing functions and paperwork alone (McElveen, 2002). More than anything, companies worried about compliance, quickly bolstering their internal auditing departments.

Four years later, what is the current state of internal auditing? What changes have these reforms caused in the life of the internal auditor? Although these questions need answering in every type of business, addressing the issues and functions of the internal auditor in the businesses of banking and insurance will create a significant cross-section of the state of internal auditing as a whole.

The McDonaldization of Society

A brief synopsis of George Ritzer's book, The McDonaldization of Society.

One cannot watch television, run an errand in the car, or walk past a public trash can these days without seeing the ubiquitous golden arches of fast food giant McDonald's. Their ads, their products, and their refuse seem to be everywhere. And yet, if George Ritzer is right, their biggest legacy comes not from the food they sell but their means of producing that food, particularly the de-skilled organizational structure that makes their profits and success possible.

Today, Ritzer believes that society is on its way to being McDonaldized, which is to say that “the principles of the fast-food market are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as of the rest of the world.” [1] This entails the celebration of an organizational model that emphasizes five elements: 1) efficiency, in that the behavior of both workers and customers are encouraged to be as organized and quick as possible, 2) calculability, in that an emphasis is placed on things being counted and quantified, such a price, service time or portion size, 3) predictability, which means standard expectations and feelings of security, 4) control through non-human technologies, which means a continual process of de-skilling workers and replacing human-skilled processes with machines, and 5) the irrationality of rationality, wherein the process follows such rational norms that it produces irrational behavior. This final stage can be seen at work in areas of the economy heavily prone to McDonaldization, like education and health care.

History of Colonial Jamestown

A look at the daily life and prospects of the colony’s indentured servants and slaves during the first decades of the 17th century.


The colony at Jamestown was founded pursuant to a charter grant issued by King James I in June 1606 “to a group of London entrepreneurs, the Virginia Company, to establish a satellite English settlement in the Chesapeake region of North America.”1 Several months later, 104 settlers—at least half of them ‘gentlemen-adventurers’—took ship, “instructed to settle Virginia, find gold and a water route to the Orient. Some traditional scholars of early Jamestown history believe that these pioneers could not have been more ill-suited for the task.”2 Suffice it to say that, while they failed to unearth precious metals3 or discover a more convenient ocean path to the riches of the East, they succeeded in establishing a colony on the banks of the James River, approximately 60 miles from the mouth of the bay, in May 1607.

Articles & Blogs

Need search-engine optimized content to drive a loyal readership to your magazine, blog or website? Let us craft your next headline-grabbing feature.

Press Releases

A well-worded press release can generate visability for your efforts, and not only do we write them but we offer distribution services to get that message to the world.


Whether you're in business, academia or an individual seeking skilled analysis and exposition, our experienced researchers are certain to please.

Resumes & Cover Letters

First impressions are important and we can help you get your foot in the door with a tailored resume, cover letter or personal statement.

Books & Ghostwriting

Have a great idea for a book, but need some help to turn your idea into the next bestseller? Our professional writers can realize your vision.

Business Plans

A business plan is a map to your business's future — and we are adept financial cartographers, charting a sound course of the road ahead.

Marketing Plans

A marketing plan, part of a full business plan, forms a strategic foundation for business action that can achieve success for a product or service.

Industry Analysis

Industry analysis is a detailed review of the state of a particular industry and can be of great use to members of that occupation as well as entrants into the industry.


Our professional PowerPoint and Keynote presentations will impress your viewers and elegantly express the messages that you seek to convey.


A newsletter can be a great way to publicize or promote stories of interest and news about your organization. We make our newsletters visually compelling and fun to read.

Technical Writing

Technical writers explain technology in terms that a non-technical audience can understand. We can write manuals, documentation, user guides, tutorials, white papers and more.

Grant Writing

We have experienced grant writers! Whether it's $1500 or $150,000, our targeted proposals will aid you to secure the funding your business or non-profit needs to flourish.

Legal Writing

While we're not a law firm, with two lawyers on staff, we may just be the next best thing — and our rates are dramatically lower than what you'd typically be charged by a lawyer or paralegal.

Creative Writing

Want a poem for a special occasion? Want a screenplay to pitch to Hollywood? From short stories to full novels, our writers have done it all — and many are published authors themselves.

Proofreading & Editing

Our proofreaders examine what you've written to make sure it looks and sounds right, and our editors get more in-depth with rewrites and content improvements.